In a 2015 article by Conrad Hackett, according to the new religious projections data from Pew Research Center, it is said that India will be abode to the world’s two of the three largest religions- Hinduism and Islam.
By 2010, India was already home to 94% of the world’s total Hindu population and by 2050, a total of 1.3 billion Hindus are projected to live in India. By 2050, India is also expected to have the largest Muslim population in the world with 311 million Muslims.
Currently, Indonesia has the largest population of Muslims in the world.
Muslims are expected to grow faster than Hindus because they have the youngest median age and the highest fertility rates among major religious groups in India. In 2010, the median age of Indian Muslims was 22, compared with 26 for Hindus and 28 for Christians. Likewise, Muslim women have an average of 3.2 children per woman, compared with 2.5 for Hindus and 2.3 for Christians. Due to these factors, India’s Muslim community will expand faster than its Hindu population, rising from 14.4% in 2010 to 18.4% in 2050. But, even with this increase, Hindus will make up more than three in four Indians (76.7%) in 2050. In fact, the number of Hindus in India will still be higher than the combined population of the five largest Muslims in the world’s largest Islamic countries (India, Pakistan, Indonesia, Nigeria, and Bangladesh).
India also has a small number of minority religions. At the time the official form was filled out in 2010, about 2.5% of the country’s population were Christians, including members of a designated caste (historically called Untouchables or Dalits) who sometimes call themselves Hindus. Christians are projected to make up 2.2% of India’s population by 2050.
Religious riots (including Sikhs, Christians, etc. as well as between Muslims and Hindus) have long been commonplace in India. In the year of independence from Britain, the Indian subcontinent was divided along religious lines into Muslim Pakistan and Hindu India. Although the division was aimed at easing religious tensions, it has sparked violence, killing nearly a million people and displacing more than 10 million people.
Nearly 70 years after independence, religious violence has claimed the lives of thousands of people, including Mahatma Gandhi, the founder of modern India, and Indira Gandhi, the Prime Minister of India. India has one of the highest levels of social hostility related to religion in the world, according to a recent Pew Research Center report on religious restrictions.